If discusses lung cancer treatment, no doubt we will discuss types. Lung cancer has two types namely small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer with the symptoms of lung cancer where the symptoms of the two types of cancer in accordance with its growth and development. So in need of appropriate treatment with the growth of cancer cells that spread. Here’s how to cure:
Type of Lung Cancer
There are two types of primary lung cancer based on the kind of cell, namely lung cancer small cell (small cell lung cancer/SCLC) and non-small cell (non-small cell lung cancer/NSCLC). Lung cancer-non-small cell a chance four times more frequent in comparison with small cell lung cancer.
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) usually only afflicts the heavy smoker and its spread faster compared to non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Small cell lung cancer
Small cell lung cancer is spreading in the region of lymph nodes in the chest.
Chemotherapy in the form of the use of drugs to kill and stop the cancer cells in its growth. Chemotherapy works to inhibit the growth of cancer cells that grow.
Patients who have small cell lung cancer this can be treated with chemotherapy, it means using a combined two chemotherapy drugs given simultaneously. This can help reduce the size of tumors and can extend the life of the patient.
Typically, chemotherapy in treatment done for 1-3 days per week. Duration of therapy is determined the extent of lung cancer can respond to the treatment. Usually, the treatment of small cell lung cancer is etoposide or irinotecan. Both of these drugs have side effects that are very light.
2. Radiation therapy
Radiation therapy is recommended for the patients who are still doing chemo on a limited stage. Radiation therapy in the form of x-rays that have a very high energy, which focus on the presence of certain diseases to kill cancer cells.
Local treatment is radiation and has mild side effects, unlike with chemotherapy. On the use of chest, radiation allows for patients with lung cancer can reduce and inhibit the growth of cancer. Similarly, with the radiation of the brain, which also serves to minimize the spread of the tumor.
Small cell lung cancer has quickly spread, so by using surgery for lung tumor removal does not guarantee the survival of the patient. But, by diagnosing early on small cell lung cancer survival has up to 35%-40%. The surgery uses a thin tube that is inserted into the sternum and into the central part of the chest between the lungs of right and left.
In operation, the doctor will take out the lymph nodes are sampled in the lymph nodes contain cancer cells or not.
Non-small cell lung cancer
On the level of treatment non-small cell lung cancer based on Stage stages with levels of tumor growth. For small cell lung cancer looks at an early stage.
The following stages of treatment:
1. Early stage
Non-small cell lung cancer very different types of lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer did not invade and spread deeper into the lung tissue. So that it can be cured with surgery alone. In addition, treatments such as photodynamic therapy, laser therapy, or brachytherapy is a treatment alternative to surgery on the stage 0 cancer.
2. Stage 1
In phase 1, the operation is way out in the treatment by way of removing and examining whether there are cancer cells. In stage 1, the cancer stage has a higher risk to reappear. Chemotherapy treatment with an adjuvant can lower the risk of cancer returning.
If the cancer is in more severe pain, radiation therapy or conventional radiation therapy stereotactic is your primary treatment. In addition, the second alternative by using radiofrequency where tumors grow this tiny grow and develop on the outside of the lungs.
3. Stage 2
At Stage two in need of treatment by means of operation, i.e. lifting the cancer cells of the lymph nodes. Before performing surgery, chemotherapy can help shrink the tumor so that the operation can be run easily. If in operation there are cancer cells that are left behind, this is done with an additional operation to clean up the cancer cells left behind. Then do chemotherapy and radiation.
4. Stage 3A
At this stage of Stage 3A done with a treatment of radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or surgery. In stage 3A in need some input in the planning of treatment either from medical experts, radiation, and surgery. On the selection of appropriate treatment with the growth of cancer cells that spread to the lungs.
5. Stage 3B
On the stage of the cancer cell, 3B Stage has spread to the lymph nodes of the lungs and on the neck. The cancer was already at stage 3B can not do with surgery. Chemotherapy and radiation are one of the ways to sustain the cancer cells from spreading. At this level of treatment is very difficult, due to the development of cancer cells had already spread.
6. Stage 4
At Stage 4 development of cancer has spread widely in the body. If you’re in an unhealthy state, all the way treatment such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation are very difficult to treat. But, if you are in a healthy state of all treatment can help you survive longer. There are other treatments such as photodynamic therapy, where this therapy is used to help relieve symptoms.
On some cancer cells do not disappear completely. With the use of treatment such as surgery, radiation, chemotherapy can keep, withhold and reduce the spread of cancer cells.
This is very important for you to know if you want to start treatment. There are two options of therapy you should be aware this, that in the treatment of adjuvant therapy in which this therapy is useful for reducing the risk of cancer coming back. And the second, neoadjuvant therapy, where this therapy is helpful to shrink the tumor.
There are many ways in doing in the treatment of lung cancer where these treatments can cause side effects. Every patient, of course, varies in terms of treatment, depending on how severely disease lung cancer he suffered.
Before treatment, there are some important things you need to know before you start your treatment:
- Treatment options that you select.
- Side effects that may occur in the treatment of cancer.
- How to relieve any discomfort in the treatment.
Well, that’s the explanation of lung cancer treatment, may add insight you guys at dimensions of lung cancer.
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